Do you use a computer while teaching your ESL classroom? Over at “Larry Ferlazzo’s Websites of the Day… For Teaching ELL, ESL & EFL,” blogger, Larry Ferlazzo found some great resources for ESL teachers and tutors to create their own online learning games.
The list that he found combined a number of sites where one is able to create a online video game focused and centered on developing the English language. He also suggests that these video games can be created to cover some of the content that is taught in class, as a source of homework or review.
He ranks these sites based on accessibility to the English Language Learner, being free for use and a good tool that creates variety in content.
Today’s Tutor Tips brings about the discussion of using warm ups prior to the lesson during one’s class time. For this topic, I looked at Heads Up English’s blog post entitled, “The Importance of Warming Up Students” found here.
After reading their thoughts, I gathered together some of the main ideas on the importance of warm ups and how they can be used within the ESL classroom and listed them in the following:
1. Warm ups can set the tone for the class time. Instead of the learners becoming bored of the main lesson, Heads Up English believes that a warm up activity should be used in order to proved an exciting activity that will get the learners engaged in upcoming lesson plan.
2. Warm ups can serve as a springboard into the topic or target language of the lesson. This can be true when one is presenting new material during that class, but wants to ease into it in a fun and easy way.
3. Warm ups can be used as understanding daily conversations. By using warm ups before class, it can give the learners an opportunity to practice their conversational skills with each other.
Ultimately, by using warm ups prior to class, learners are able to understand their upcoming lesson or new material in a more enjoyable and applicable manner. Heads Up English also ends their blog post with some final comments on the logistics of a warm up. For more on that, check out their page here.
Let us know if you have any experience in using warm ups in your ESL classroom!
Recently, we have looked closely at a few iPad applications that would help assist ESL learners and teachers through the process of teaching the English language. After more research, I gave British Council‘s LearnEnglish Grammar (US Edition) a try to illustrate a preview for future use.
In beginning this application, one is able to Practice, Test or Purchase Grammar help through an Elementary, Intermediate and Advanced level packages. The grammar help ranges from simple past tense to present perfect. Each set of questions covers 12 grammar topics, with over 20 activities per topic. This is a free application and offers a few free activities and tests; however, it does ask for you to download more questions for a fee as you continue using the application.
Despite that, there are some positive attributes to this application, found in detail on the British Council website, and I recorded in the following:
This app will help learners ranging from beginner to expert. By giving the option to chose what level they want, a teacher is able to better assist all of their learners appropriately.
This app will help learners to achieve better grammar accuracy. This app will not only give you a variety of multiple choice questions, but also fill-in-the-blanks, reordering words and labeling activities. Ultimately, learners won’t feel like the learning is repetitive and instead advance in their grammar knowledge.
This app provides in-app help. If you or the learner is having trouble answering a question, there are help files for each activity type and is supported by multiple languages.
Overall, as being a free application for both iPhones and iPads, I think that this app is useful for any ESL classroom. The only downside is having to pay a fee for extra activities and tests; however, if learners are enjoying the application and one does not mind paying a little extra for more help, then it would ultimately be a successful application to use.
In continuing our ESL program this summer, I have been researching ways to appropriately teach a mixed-level class, so that each learner is able to work towards their specific goals.
I came across the literacy resource webpage and blog called Heads Up English, where they reviewed ways on troubleshooting this type of classroom. Here is are some tips of advice that I received from their blog post:
1. You should teach to the intended level of the class. If the class is geared or advertised towards one specific level, then material and lesson plans should be targeted similarly. If there is still a variety of levels there, one solution that Heads Up English suggests is to have a set themed lesson plan for the class time but offering students a variation based on their literacy level. That way, it is easy for the teacher to meet the learners’ needs without exceeding his or her time on preparing the class.
2. A Word about Pairs and Groups. In having a mixed-level classroom, my first thought was to separate the learners in order for them to work more closely on their appropriate literacy level. However, Heads Up English offers how combining different literacy level learners together will help advance both.
In suggesting this, Heads Up English advices to use this only for a portion of the class, pairing it still with large group and individual work.
Overall, these points will be of use when encountering a large number of mixed-level learners. I am eager to incorporate these tips into my next class in hopes to better use my time and advance the skills of the learners!
As I research for more information on lesson plans and ESL activities, I always question how I can incorporate new ideas to keep the learners expanding their cultural and English knowledge, while also keeping them interested in coming to school.
I then stumbled upon the ESL Literacy Network’s blog post entitled “Personalized Stories and Field Trips” found here and read about their thoughts on the issue.
They say that incorporating field trips and getting outside of the classroom is a “great way to make learning more meaningful to ESL Literacy learners.” They believe that it “promotes reading and writing through the use of personal experiences and oral language.”
They then close with related links to other classrooms and organizations who have had a success with that type of teaching.
I am excited to give this a go in the upcoming classroom this summer and next fall!
Today’s Tutors’ Tip includes activities on how to promote thinking out loud to ESL learners. The Minnesota Literacy Council encourages to use common day reading texts such as a “brochure, advertisement, street map, or assembly instructions” in order to fulfill this activity and then uses the following steps:
1. Select one of the texts and project it for the class to see.
2. Model how to preview the text by looking at its parts, graphics and so on. As you do so, out loud, say what you know and don’t know about the text.
3. Describe any connections you make to your background experiences.
4. Read the text out loud and pause when you are confused.
5. Explain out loud what you are doing to try to address your confusion.
6. Describe any problem-solving processes you use as you read.
7. Continue reading.
8. After you finish reading, ask students to turn and talk to a neighbor about what they saw you doing.
9. Select another text and repeat step 2. Then ask students what they know and don’t know about the text.
10. Repeat steps 3-6 for the first section of the text. Ask students what they are thinking about as they along with you.
11. Invite a student to read the next section and think aloud. Ask this student what she is thinking and doing as she reads.
12. Repeat step 11 by inviting other students to read each section of the text.
13. Assign pairs of students.
14. Give the class copies of the text. They take turns reading it aloud again in pairs, using the think aloud strategy as they do so.
“Adult ESL literacy is a learning-centered classroom – learning to learn is crucial for success of the learners with the literacy needs!”
When teaching adult learners, we want to encourage and provide progress in their literacy. Here are a following list of teaching tips directed by Teaching2LearnESL Blog that will help us do just that:
1) “Choose tasks that provide opportunities for collaboration.” Allowing learners help teach other learners is a beneficial tool for the ESL students to both understand and progress in their education. Include activities where learners of either similar or different literacy levels work together. That way, both are able to learn more from each other!
Fabulous story about a community organizer in Clarkston GA.
Here are a number of tutoring tips that will provide resources for teachers in the ESL classroom to feel more confident:
1) Activate prior knowledge.
Find a topic in which the learner are knowledgeable or interested in. This will help engage the learners into the lessons and will excite them to talk about what they know and will learn/read from the new vocabulary.
2) Good tutoring is repetition without boredom.
People need to do something over and over to become expert or fluent. To build confidence, improve usage and increase fluency. As well, try to find new ways to incorporate the repetition, it will cause the learners to have more fun with the activity.
3) Everyone has heard the adage “less is more”.
This is a guiding principal for tutors especially when using paper lessons or making worksheets. Put less on a page and make the font bigger. Make multiple pages, if you would like, but only hand them out one at a time. Number all items so that it’s less confusing to refer to an item.
Literacy coaches who are working with learners on reading will appreciate this online tool, a workshop broken down into the following components: